Thursday, March 12, 2015

SAT March 2015 Countdown: 2


Critical Reading
  • Vocabulary: flash cards, word lists (Latin/Greek roots/prefixes/suffixes), word games--good! But the best way to acquire vocabulary is to READ.
  • Use POE (process of elimination)
  • Avoid answers that are too extreme (narrow, general, always/never, etc)


Sentence Completion--1 Blank

  • Cover the answers.
  • Read the sentence.
  • Note trigger words (ex: conjunctions, prefixes, modifiers, negation) which change the meaning of the sentence.
  • Read the sentence again, substituting your own word in the blank.
  • Match your choice with the supplied answer choices.
  • Not sure of the meaning? Look at the root--is similar the root similar to the root of a word that you know?
  • Use POE to target the correct answer.
  • Yes, the word you don't know can be the correct choice.

Sentence Completion--2 Blanks

  • Cover the answers.
  • Read the sentence.
  • Note trigger words (ex: conjunctions, prefixes, modifiers, negation) which change the meaning of the sentence.
  • Read the sentence again, substituting your own word in the blank.
  • Uncover the first column of words. Match them with your choice in the first blank (two answers should be retained, the other three should be dismissed).
  • Not sure of the meaning? Look at the root--is similar the root similar to the root of a word that you know?
  • Uncover the second column of words. Match them with your choice in the second blank (the target choices in the 1st blank are usually synonyms of each other; and the second blank is usually opposite of each other; OR the target choices in the 1st blank are antonyms of each other and the second blank is are synonyms).
  • Remember: there is only one correct answer!).

Short Parassage (updated 1/25/2013)

  • Read the questions first.
  • The short passage questions are usually about the tone, main idea, or inference.
  • There is usually one dual short passage set per SAT test.
  • Each of the four questions compare/contrast both passages.
  • Draw a quick Venn Diagram to organize the info.
  •  Remember WHAT the topic is about, and the AUDIENCE.
  • Four Types of Dual Passages
    • Pro / Con (opposite positions)
    • General / Specific
    • 2 different academic disciplines (ex: literary criticism / autobiography)
    • Tone (objective / ironic)
  • Dual passages can be combination of the Four Types

Long Passage (updated 1/25/2013)

  • Read the blurb (who? what? where? when?)
  • Skim & underline for information (Proper Nouns, Numeric infoUnusual Punctuation, Lists)
    • Proper Nouns
      • Capitalized words tell us more about Who? What? Where?
      • possessive 's tell us more about the Proper Nouns
      • compound-words are tailored-made for the passage
    • Numeric Info
      • Numbers (especially years) tell us more about When?  How much?  How many?
      • centuries: seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth...
      • sequence words: first, second, third, next, prior, former...
    • Definitions (unusual punctuation) signals narrative transitions/development
      •  :colons. --dashes-- , (parentheses) give us more info about the word/phrase to the left of the punctuation
      • "air-quotes" one to four words between quotations--not reported speech, but used to  "signal" non-literal meaning, ironic tome, or that the author disagrees with the term.
      • italics, underline, or exclamation point! indicates emphasis.
    • Lists 
      • List deliver concrete details about the topic
      • look for multiple commas ,,,  semicolons ;;;   question marks ??? or repeated words in a close proximity
  • Mark-up the passage as per the Questions (Beware of stealth EXCEPT and Inference Questions)
  • Read the passage critically (why? how?)
  • Answer the questions via POE
    • POE: Process of Elimination
      • note similar vocabulary between the text and answer choices
      • watch out for negation in either the question, text, or answer choices
      • use symbols \ = no (not possible), ` = maybe (possible), + = yes (probable)
      • Check out The Critical Reader: Inference Questions

Dual Passages


Dual Passage--Intro
  • Draw a Venn Diagram
  • Read the blurb (who? what? where? when? audience? type of text?)
  • Fill out the Venn Diagram--note "dual questions" in the union.

Dual Passage--Passage 1

  • Skim & underline the First Passage for information (Proper Nouns, Unusual Punctuation, Lists)
  • Mark-up the passage as per the First Passage Questions (Beware of stealth EXCEPT and Inference Questions)
  • Read the passage critically (why? how?)
  • Answer First Passage questions ONLY via POE
  • Skip all Second Passage and Dual Passage Questions

Dual Passage--Passage 2

  • Skim & underline the Second Passage for information (Proper Nouns, Unusual Punctuation, Lists)
  • Mark-up the passage as per the Second Passage Questions (Beware of stealth EXCEPT and Inference Questions)Read the passage critically (why? how?)
  • Answer Passage 2 questions ONLY via POE
  • Skip all Dual Passage Questions

Dual Passage--Dual Passage Questions
  • Update Venn Diagram (tone +/-) (note if there is a switch in tone/argument)
  • Answer Dual Passage questions via POE
  • Finish!

No comments: